The traditional job scam offers non-existent jobs in known companies, promising to help candidates obtain a needed visa and work permit for a fee. There are also fake sites involved, mimicking the real companies supposedly offering jobs, plus additional fake sites (some used only for email addresses or redirecting to the real website) impersonating authorities, lawyers, travel agencies and couriers meant to send the "documents" the victims are asked to pay for. The victims contact details are gathered from professional sites or job portals. These types of scams originate from West Africa.
Money mules scams
A distinct different group of job scams involves re-sending money or reshipping goods. The contact details of victims targeted in such cases are gathered from similar sources as above, with an important add from "suckers lists" - former victims targeted in previous scams, preferably those loosing money and interested to recover at least a part of their loses. In this type of scam, the fraudsters are also posting ads online on free sites searching for candidates. The scammers claim to be travel agencies, rental companies, delivery companies or procurement companies. In most of the cases involving money, the money originates from other online frauds and the job seeker will end up as a money mule.
Reshipping goods scam
The victim details are gathered from "suckers lists" - former scammed victims. The fraudsters use also ads on free sites with the jobs they are offering. The so called job is a work from home type and the promised salary is high. The job seeker will receive parcels at home and asked to re-ship them to a different address provided by the fraudster. Accepting the job makes the victim part of a criminal operation: those goods are stolen or bought with stolen money; stolen cards or other victims money. The stolen cards are collected via phishing, Trojan attacks and hacked merchant databases. The action of buying goods online abusing stolen card details is called “carding”. The products obtained this way are shipped to the "mule" home address. The "mule" needs to open the package (with the merchant mark on it), re-pack it and ship it again to his "employer". The products are valuable items that are in high demand and, for this reason, easier to sell (laptops, mobile phones etc). The promised payment after the trial period will never come - the fraudster will drop the person working for him and will search for another victim. The victims of such fraudulent activities have no idea whom they are working for and have no idea either that their action is illegal and punishable in the justice system. Because the fraudsters ask for copies of victim's identity documents, the victim may also be affected by identity theft. Usually this type of fraud is operated from Russia.
In both cases, the victim will bare the legal responsibility for money laundering and/or being an accomplice in a fraud involving stolen properties.
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